noun, plural a·nal·y·ses [uh-nal-uh-seez] /əˈnæl əˌsiz/.
- an investigation based on the properties of numbers.
- the discussion of a problem by algebra, as opposed to geometry.
- the branch of mathematics consisting of calculus and its higher developments.
- a system of calculation, as combinatorial analysis or vector analysis.
- a method of proving a proposition by assuming the result and working backward to something that is known to be true.Compare synthesis(def 4).
- intentionally produced decomposition or separation of materials into their ingredients or elements, as to find their kind or quantity.
- the ascertainment of the kind or amount of one or more of the constituents of materials, whether obtained in separate form or not.Compare qualitative analysis, quantitative analysis.
Origin of analysis
noun plural -ses (-ˌsiːz)
- the decomposition of a substance into its elements, radicals, or other constituents in order to determine the kinds of constituents present (qualitative analysis) or the amount of each constituent (quantitative analysis)
- the result obtained by such a determination
Word Origin for analysis
1580s, "resolution of anything complex into simple elements" (opposite of synthesis), from Medieval Latin analysis (15c.), from Greek analysis "a breaking up, a loosening, releasing," noun of action from analyein "unloose, release, set free; to loose a ship from its moorings," in Aristotle, "to analyze," from ana "up, throughout" (see ana-) + lysis "a loosening," from lyein "to unfasten" (see lose). Psychological sense is from 1890. Phrase in the final (or last) analysis (1844), translates French en dernière analyse.