[ an-yoo-uh l ]
/ ˈæn yu əl /



Botany. a plant living only one year or season.
a book, report, etc., published annually.

Nearby words

  1. announcer,
  2. annoy,
  3. annoyance,
  4. annoyed,
  5. annoying,
  6. annual general meeting,
  7. annual parallax,
  8. annual percentage rate,
  9. annual report,
  10. annual ring

Origin of annual

1350–1400; < Late Latin annuālis, equivalent to Latin annu(us) yearly (derivative of annus circuit of the sun, year) + -ālis -al1; replacing Middle English annuel < Anglo-French < Latin

Related formsan·nu·al·ly, adverbin·ter·an·nu·al, adjectivein·ter·an·nu·al·ly, adverb

Can be confusedanal annual annulannual perennial Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for annuals

British Dictionary definitions for annuals


/ (ˈænjʊəl) /


occurring, done, etc, once a year or every year; yearlyan annual income
lasting for a yearan annual subscription


a plant that completes its life cycle in less than one yearCompare perennial (def. 3), biennial (def. 3)
a book, magazine, etc, published once every year
Derived Formsannually, adverb

Word Origin for annual

C14: from Late Latin annuālis, from Latin annuus yearly, from annus year

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for annuals
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Science definitions for annuals


[ ănyōō-əl ]


Completing a life cycle in one growing season.


An annual plant. Annuals germinate, blossom, produce seed, and die in one growing season. They are common in environments with short growing seasons. Most desert plants are annuals, germinating and flowering after rainfall. Many common weeds, wild flowers, garden flowers, and vegetables are annuals. Examples of annuals include tomatoes, corn, wheat, sunflowers, petunias, and zinnias. Compare biennial perennial.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.