antitoxin

[ an-ti-tok-sin, an-tee- ]
/ ˌæn tɪˈtɒk sɪn, ˌæn ti- /

noun

a substance, formed in the body, that counteracts a specific toxin.
the antibody formed in immunization with a given toxin, used in treating certain infectious diseases or in immunizing against them.

Nearby words

  1. antithetical,
  2. antithrombin,
  3. antithrombotic,
  4. antitorque rotor,
  5. antitoxic,
  6. antitoxin unit,
  7. antitrade,
  8. antitrades,
  9. antitragus,
  10. antitranspirant

Origin of antitoxin

First recorded in 1890–95; anti- + toxin

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for antitoxin


British Dictionary definitions for antitoxin

antitoxin

/ (ˌæntɪˈtɒksɪn) /

noun

an antibody that neutralizes a toxin
blood serum that contains a specific antibody
Derived Formsantitoxic, adjective

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for antitoxin

antitoxin

n.

"substance neutralizing poisons," 1892, from anti- + toxin. Coined in 1890 by German bacteriologist Emil von Behring (1854-1917). Antitoxic in this sense is from 1860.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Medicine definitions for antitoxin

antitoxin

[ ăn′tē-tŏksĭn ]

n.

An antibody formed in response to and capable of neutralizing a specific biological toxin.
Serum containing antitoxins that is used to prevent or treat diseases caused by biological toxins, such as tetanus and diphtheria.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Science definitions for antitoxin

antitoxin

[ ăn′tē-tŏksĭn, ăn′tī- ]

An antibody formed in response to and capable of neutralizing a specific toxin of biological origin. Compare toxin.
An animal or human serum containing antitoxins, used to prevent or treat diseases caused by biological toxins, such as tetanus, botulism, and diphtheria.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.