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apéritif

[ah-per-i-teef, uh-per-; French a-pey-ree-teef]
noun, plural a·pé·ri·tifs [ah-per-i-teefs; French a-pey-ree-teef] /ɑˌpɛr ɪˈtifs; French a peɪ riˈtif/.
  1. a small drink of alcoholic liquor taken to stimulate the appetite before a meal.
  2. Also called apéritif wine. a wine served as an appetizer or cocktail.
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Origin of apéritif

1890–95; < French (vin) apéritif; see aperitive
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for aperitif-wine

apéritif

noun
  1. an alcoholic drink, esp a wine, drunk before a meal to whet the appetite
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Word Origin for apéritif

C19: from French, from Medieval Latin aperitīvus, from Latin aperīre to open
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for aperitif-wine

aperitif

n.

1894, "alcoholic drink taken before a meal to stimulate the appetite," from French apéritif "laxative, laxative liqueur," literally "opening," from Latin aperitivus, from aperire "to open" (see overt). Cf. Middle English apertive (adj.), a medical word meaning "capable of opening or dilating" (pores, etc.), early 15c.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper