apsis

[ap-sis]
noun, plural ap·si·des [ap-si-deez] /ˈæp sɪˌdiz/.
  1. Astronomy. either of two points in an eccentric orbit, one (higher apsis) farthest from the center of attraction, the other (lower apsis) nearest to the center of attraction.
  2. Architecture. an apse.

Origin of apsis

1595–1605; < Latin < Greek hapsís (felloe of) a wheel, arch, vault, orig., fastening, equivalent to háp(tein) to fasten + -sis -sis
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for apsides

Historical Examples of apsides

  • The two are joined by a diameter called the line of the apsides.

    The Sailor's Word-Book

    William Henry Smyth

  • The line of apsides of a large proportion of comets will be approximately coincident with the solar orbit.

    Comets and Meteors

    Daniel Kirkwood

  • The “line of apsides” is that which joins them, forming the major axis of the orbit.

  • This point was called "the excentric," and the line from the excentric to the Earth was called "the line of apsides."

    The Science of the Stars

    E. Walter Maunder

  • The line of the apsides of the moon's orbit revolves from west to east, through her whole course, in about nine years.

    Letters on Astronomy

    Denison Olmsted


British Dictionary definitions for apsides

apsis

noun plural apsides (æpˈsaɪdiːz, ˈæpsɪˌdiːz)
  1. Also called: apse either of two points lying at the extremities of an eccentric orbit of a planet, satellite, etc, such as the aphelion and perihelion of a planet or the apogee and perigee of the moon. The line of apsides connects two such points and is the principal axis of the orbit
  2. another name for apse (def. 1)
Derived Formsapsidal (æpˈsaɪdəl, ˈæpsɪdəl), adjective

Word Origin for apsis

C17: via Latin from Greek; see apse
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for apsides

apsis

n.

"perigree of the moon, perihelion of a planet" (plural apsides), 1650s, from Latin apsis "arch, vault" (see apse).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

apsides in Science

apsis

[ăpsĭs]
Plural apsides (ăpsĭ-dēz′)
  1. In the path of an orbiting body, either of the two points at which it is closest to or farthest away from the body it is orbiting. See also apoapsis periapsis.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.