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arbovirus

[ ahr-buh-vahy-ruhs ]
/ ˈɑr bəˌvaɪ rəs /
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noun, plural ar·bo·vi·rus·es.
any of several groups of RNA-containing viruses that are transmitted by bloodsucking arthropods, as ticks, fleas, or mosquitoes, and may cause encephalitis, yellow fever, or dengue fever.
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Origin of arbovirus

1955–60; ar(thropod-)bo(rne)virus
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2022

British Dictionary definitions for arbovirus

arbovirus
/ (ˈɑːbəʊˌvaɪrəs) /

noun
any one of a group of viruses that cause such diseases as encephalitis and dengue and are transmitted to humans by arthropods, esp insects and ticks

Word Origin for arbovirus

C20: from ar (thropod-) bo (rne) virus
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Scientific definitions for arbovirus

arbovirus
[ ärbə-vī′rəs ]

Any of a large group of RNA viruses that are transmitted primarily by arthropods, such as mosquitoes and ticks. The more than 400 species were originally considered to be a single group, but are now divided among four families: Togaviridae, Flaviviridae, Bunyaviridae, and Arenaviridae. These viruses cause a variety of infectious diseases in humans, including rubella, yellow fever, and dengue.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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