artiodactyl

[ ahr-tee-oh-dak-til ]
/ ˌɑr ti oʊˈdæk tɪl /

adjective

Zoology. having an even number of toes or digits on each foot.

noun

a hoofed, even-toed mammal of the order Artiodactyla, comprising the pigs, hippopotamuses, camels, deer, giraffes, pronghorns, sheep, goats, antelope, and cattle.

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Compare perissodactyl.

Origin of artiodactyl

From New Latin, dating back to 1840–50; see origin at artio-, dactyl

OTHER WORDS FROM artiodactyl

ar·ti·o·dac·ty·lous, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020

Example sentences from the Web for artiodactyl

  • Or, to put it more definitely: hoofed animals are divided into two groups, even-toed (artiodactyl) and odd-toed (perissodactyl).

    Evolution|Joseph Le Conte
  • The great group is now usually divided into those that are odd-toed (Perissodactyl) and those that are even-toed (Artiodactyl).

  • The Artiodactyl group must have quickly branched in turn, as we find very primitive hogs and camels before the end of the Eocene.

  • One leading to the existing perissodactyl foot, and the other, apparently later, resulting in the artiodactyl type.

British Dictionary definitions for artiodactyl

artiodactyl
/ (ˌɑːtɪəʊˈdæktɪl) /

noun

any placental mammal of the order Artiodactyla, having hooves with an even number of toes; an even-toed ungulate. The order includes pigs, hippopotamuses, camels, deer, cattle, and antelopes

adjective

of, relating to, or belonging to the order Artiodactyla

Derived forms of artiodactyl

artiodactylous, adjective

Word Origin for artiodactyl

C19: from New Latin artiodactylus, from Greek ártios even + daktulos digit
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Scientific definitions for artiodactyl

artiodactyl
[ är′tē-ō-dăktəl ]

Any of various hoofed mammals of the order Artiodactyla, having an even number of toes on each foot. Artiodactyls include the pig, sheep, ox, deer, giraffe, and hippopotamus. Also called even-toed ungulate
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.