Ashkhabad

[ahsh-kuh-bahd; Russian uhsh-khuh-baht]
Formerly Poltoratsk.

Ashgabat

[ahsh-guh-bahd, ash-guh-bad]
noun
  1. a city in and the capital of Turkmenistan, in the S central part, near the Iranian border.
Also Ashkhabad [ahsh-kuh-bahd, ash-kuh-bad] /ˈɑʃ kəˌbɑd, ˈæʃ kəˌbæd/.
Formerly Poltoratsk.

Turkmenistan

[turk-me-nuh-stan, -stahn]
noun
  1. a republic in central in Asia, bordering the Caspian Sea, Iran, and Afghanistan. 188,417 sq. mi. (488,000 sq. km). Capital: Ashkhabad.
Also called Turkomen.Formerly Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for ashkhabad

Ashkhabad

Ashgabat (ˈɑːʃɡəbæt, Turkmen ɑʃɡɑˈbɑt)

noun
  1. the capital of Turkmenistan. Pop: 598 000 (2005 est)

Turkmenistan

noun
  1. a republic in central Asia: the area has been occupied by a succession of empires; a Turkmen state was established in the 15th century but suffered almost continual civil strife and was gradually conquered by Russia; in 1918 it became a Soviet republic and gained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991: deserts including the Kara Kum cover most of the region; agricultural communities are concentrated around oases; there are rich mineral deposits. Official language: Turkmen. Religion: believers are mainly Muslim. Currency: manat. Capital: Ashkhabad. Pop: 5 113 040 (2013 est). Area: 488 100 sq km (186 400 sq miles)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

ashkhabad in Culture

Turkmenistan

[(turk-men-uh-stan, turk-men-uh-stahn, turk-men-uh-stan)]

Republic in west-central Asia, bordered by Kazakhstan to the northwest, by Uzbekistan to the north and northwest, by Afghanistan and Iran to the south, and by the Caspian Sea to the west. Its capital and largest city is Ashkhabad.

Note

This former member of the Soviet Union declared its independence in 1991.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.