[ aht-muhn ]

  1. the principle of life.

  2. the individual self, known after enlightenment to be identical with Brahman.

  1. (initial capital letter) the World Soul, from which all individual souls derive, and to which they return as the supreme goal of existence.

Origin of atman

First recorded in 1775–85, atman is from the Sanskrit word ātman breath, self
  • Also at·ma [aht-muh]. /ˈɑt mə/. Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2023

How to use atman in a sentence

  • In Sanscrit that eternal part is called by many names, but the best seems that used in this passage, Atma.

    Thoughts on Life and Religion | Friedrich Max Mller
  • In rendering Mahan Atma by great spirit, however, we are anticipating.

    History of Religion | Allan Menzies
  • Are they going to start something now that will get Atma in jail?

    Plays | Susan Glaspell
  • In a frenzy I broke my way through the attendants, and rushed through hall and corridor to my Atma's chamber.

British Dictionary definitions for atman


/ (ˈaːtmən) /

  1. the personal soul or self; the thinking principle as manifested in consciousness

  2. Brahman considered as the Universal Soul, the great Self or Person that dwells in the entire created order

Origin of atman

from Sanskrit ātman breath; compare Old High German ātum breath

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012