Origin of Augustus
masc. proper name, from Latin augustus "venerable" (see august). The name originally was a cognomen applied to Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus as emperor, with a sense something like "his majesty."
The first emperor of Rome; the adopted son of Julius Caesar. In his reign, from 44 b.c. to a.d. 14, Rome enjoyed peace (see Pax Romana), and the arts flourished. The time of Augustus is considered a golden age for literature in Rome.