# auxiliary equation

### noun Mathematics.

## Words nearby auxiliary equation

auxerre, auxesis, auxetic, auxiliaries, auxiliary, auxiliary equation, auxiliary language, auxiliary note, auxiliary power unit, auxiliary rafter, auxiliary rotor

## Definition for auxiliary-equation (2 of 2)

characteristic equation

### noun

Mathematics.

- the characteristic polynomial of a given matrix, equated to zero.
- Also called auxiliary equation. an equation with one variable and equated to zero, which is derived from a given linear differential equation and in which the coefficient and power of the variable in each term correspond to the coefficient and order of a derivative in the original equation.

Physics. equation of state.

## Origin of characteristic equation

First recorded in 1920–25

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