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axle

[ak-suh l]
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noun
  1. Machinery. the pin, bar, shaft, or the like, on which or by means of which a wheel or pair of wheels rotates.
  2. the spindle at either end of an axletree.
  3. an axletree.
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Origin of axle

before 900; Middle English axel, Old English eaxl shoulder, crossbeam (in eaxle-gespann); cognate with Old Frisian ax(e)le, Old Saxon ahsla, Old High German ahsala shoulder (German Achsel), Old Norse ǫxl, Latin āla (< derivative of *akslā)
Related formsax·led, adjectiveun·ax·led, adjective
Can be confusedaxel axle
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for axle

axle

noun
  1. a bar or shaft on which a wheel, pair of wheels, or other rotating member revolves
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Word Origin

C17: from Old Norse öxull; related to German Achse; see axis 1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for axle

n.

"pole or pin upon which a wheel revolves," Middle English axel-, from some combination of Old English eax and Old Norse öxull "axis," both from Proto-Germanic *akhsulaz (cf. Old English eaxl, Old Saxon ahsla, Old High German ahsala, German Achsel "shoulder"), from PIE *aks- "axis" (see axis). Found only in compound axle-tree before 14c.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper