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axon

[ ak-son ]
/ ˈæk sɒn /
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noun

Cell Biology. the appendage of the neuron that transmits impulses away from the cell body.

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Also ax·one [ak-sohn]. /ˈæk soʊn/.

Origin of axon

1835–45; <New Latin <Greek áxōn an axle, axis; akin to Latin axis
ax·on·al [ak-suh-nl, ‐son-l], /ˈæk sə nl, ‐ˌsɒn l/, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021

British Dictionary definitions for axon

axon

axone (ˈæksəʊn)

/ (ˈæksɒn) /

noun

the long threadlike extension of a nerve cell that conducts nerve impulses from the cell bodyCompare dendrite
axonal, adjective
C19: via New Latin from Greek: axis, axle, vertebra
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Medical definitions for axon

axon
[ ăksŏn′ ]

n.

The usually long process of a nerve fiber that generally conducts impulses away from the body of the nerve cell.
axon•al (ăksə-nəl, ăk-sŏnəl) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Scientific definitions for axon

axon
[ ăksŏn′ ]

The long portion of a neuron that conducts impulses away from the body of the cell. Also called nerve fiber
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Cultural definitions for axon

axon

The part of a nerve cell or neuron that transfers a nerve impulse from the nerve cell body to a synapse with another cell. (See action potential.) Depending on the location of the cell, the length of an axon can vary widely. In some cases (such as the axons that form the spinal cord), they may be several feet long.

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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