axon [ ak-son ] SHOW IPA / ˈæk sɒn / PHONETIC RESPELLING WORD ORIGIN noun . Cell Biology the appendage of the neuron that transmits impulses away from the cell body. Nearby words axofugal
ax·one [ ak-sohn] /ˈæk soʊn/
Origin of axon 1835–45; < New Latin < Greek áxōn an axle, axis; akin to Latin axis Related forms ax·on·al , [ ak-s uh-nl, ‐son-l] /ˈæk sə nl, ‐ˌsɒn l/ adjective
Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019
British Dictionary definitions for axonal noun the long threadlike extension of a nerve cell that conducts nerve impulses from the cell body Compare dendrite Derived Forms axonal, adjective Word Origin for axon
C19: via New Latin from Greek: axis, axle, vertebra
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Medicine definitions for axonal n. The usually long process of a nerve fiber that generally conducts impulses away from the body of the nerve cell. Related forms ax ( ′on•al ăk) ′sə-nəl, ăk-sŏn ′əl adj.
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Science definitions for axonal The long portion of a neuron that conducts impulses away from the body of the cell. Also called nerve fiber
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Culture definitions for axonal
The part of a
nerve cell or neuron that transfers a nerve impulse from the nerve cell body to a synapse with another cell. ( See action potential.) Depending on the location of the cell, the length of an axon can vary widely. In some cases (such as the axons that form the spinal cord), they may be several feet long.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.