[ ak-son ]
/ ˈæk sɒn /
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Cell Biology. the appendage of the neuron that transmits impulses away from the cell body.
THINGAMABOB OR THINGUMMY: CAN YOU DISTINGUISH BETWEEN THE US AND UK TERMS IN THIS QUIZ?
Do you know the difference between everyday US and UK terminology? Test yourself with this quiz on words that differ across the Atlantic.
Question 1 of 7
In the UK, COTTON CANDY is more commonly known as…
Also ax·one [ak-sohn]. /ˈæk soʊn/.
Origin of axon
1835–45; <New Latin <Greek áxōn an axle, axis; akin to Latin axis
OTHER WORDS FROM axonax·on·al [ak-suh-nl, ‐son-l], /ˈæk sə nl, ‐ˌsɒn l/, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2023
How to use axon in a sentence
Standard neurons have dendrites that collect information from the axons of other neurons.Artificial Neural Nets Finally Yield Clues to How Brains Learn|Anil Ananthaswamy|February 18, 2021|Quanta Magazine
As the cells grew, their message-sending axons and message-receiving dendrites neatly followed the robots’ lined grooves.Tiny, magnetically controlled robots coax nerve cells to grow connections|Laura Sanders|September 25, 2020|Science News
The metabolites do this by reaching a developing pup’s brain where they affect the growth of axons, she says.A mother mouse’s gut microbes help wire her pup’s brain|Carolyn Wilke|September 23, 2020|Science News
British Dictionary definitions for axon
/ (ˈæksɒn) /
the long threadlike extension of a nerve cell that conducts nerve impulses from the cell bodyCompare dendrite
Derived forms of axonaxonal, adjective
Word Origin for axon
C19: via New Latin from Greek: axis, axle, vertebra
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Scientific definitions for axon
[ ăk′sŏn′ ]
The long portion of a neuron that conducts impulses away from the body of the cell. Also called nerve fiber
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Cultural definitions for axon
The part of a nerve cell or neuron that transfers a nerve impulse from the nerve cell body to a synapse with another cell. (See action potential.) Depending on the location of the cell, the length of an axon can vary widely. In some cases (such as the axons that form the spinal cord), they may be several feet long.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.