axon [ ak-son ] SHOW IPA / ˈæk sɒn / PHONETIC RESPELLING EXAMPLES | WORD ORIGIN noun . Cell Biology the appendage of the neuron that transmits impulses away from the cell body.
ax·one [ ak-sohn] /ˈæk soʊn/
Origin of axon 1835–45; < New Latin < Greek áxōn an axle, axis; akin to Latin axis Related forms ax·on·al , [ ak-s uh-nl, ‐son-l] /ˈæk sə nl, ‐ˌsɒn l/ adjective
Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019
Examples from the Web for axone
In the dog, an animal with high olfactory sense, the
axone of each olfactory neurone is connected with five or six mitral cells.
From the base often near its middle arises one large fibre—the
axone fibre, which conducts impulses away from the perikaryon.
In some few cells the
axone breaks up into branches in the immediate neighbourhood of its own perikaryon in the cortex. British Dictionary definitions for axone noun the long threadlike extension of a nerve cell that conducts nerve impulses from the cell body Compare dendrite Derived Forms axonal, adjective Word Origin for axon
C19: via New Latin from Greek: axis, axle, vertebra
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
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Word Origin and History for axone n.
"axis of the vertebrate body," 1842, from Greek
axon "axis" (see axis).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Medicine definitions for axone n. The usually long process of a nerve fiber that generally conducts impulses away from the body of the nerve cell. Related forms ax ( ′on•al ăk) ′sə-nəl, ăk-sŏn ′əl adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Science definitions for axone The long portion of a neuron that conducts impulses away from the body of the cell. Also called nerve fiber
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Culture definitions for axone
The part of a
nerve cell or neuron that transfers a nerve impulse from the nerve cell body to a synapse with another cell. ( See action potential.) Depending on the location of the cell, the length of an axon can vary widely. In some cases (such as the axons that form the spinal cord), they may be several feet long.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.