bate

1
[beyt]
verb (used with object), bat·ed, bat·ing.
  1. to moderate or restrain: unable to bate our enthusiasm.
  2. to lessen or diminish; abate: setbacks that bated his hopes.
verb (used without object), bat·ed, bat·ing.
  1. to diminish or subside; abate.
Idioms
  1. with bated breath, with breath drawn in or held because of anticipation or suspense: We watched with bated breath as the runners approached the finish line.

Origin of bate

1
1250–1300; Middle English, aphetic variant of abate
Can be confusedbaited bated
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for bated breath

bate

1
verb
  1. another word for abate
  2. with bated breath holding one's breath in suspense or fear

bate

2
verb
  1. (intr) (of hawks) to jump violently from a perch or the falconer's fist, often hanging from the leash while struggling to escape

Word Origin for bate

C13: from Old French batre to beat, from Latin battuere; related to bat 1

bate

3
verb (tr)
  1. to soak (skin or hides) in a special solution to soften them and remove chemicals used in previous treatments
noun
  1. the solution used

Word Origin for bate

Old English bǣtan to bait 1

bate

4
noun
  1. British slang a bad temper or rage

Word Origin for bate

C19: from bait 1, alluding to the mood of a person who is being baited
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for bated breath
n.

see bate (v.1).

bate

v.1

"to reduce, to lessen in intensity," c.1300, shortening of abate (q.v.). Now only in phrase bated breath, which was used by Shakespeare in "The Merchant of Venice" (1596).

bate

v.2

c.1300, "to contend with blows or arguments," from Old French batre "to hit, beat, strike," from Late Latin battere, from Latin batuere "to beat, knock" (see batter (v.)). In falconry, "to beat the wings impatiently and flutter away from the perch." Figurative sense of "to flutter downward" attested from 1580s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper