noun, plural bat·ter·ies.
- two or more pieces of artillery used for combined action.
- a tactical unit of artillery, usually consisting of six guns together with the artillerymen, equipment, etc., required to operate them.
- a parapet or fortification equipped with artillery.
- (on a warship) a group of guns having the same caliber or used for the same purpose.
- the whole armament of a warship.
- batterie de cuisine,
- battering ram,
- battery eliminator,
- battery jar,
- battery, the,
Origin of battery
Examples from the Web for battery
Karajah was charged with two felony counts of assault and battery.
They peered out into the gloom from Battery Park and could not make out her form.128 Years Old and Still a Looker: Happy Birthday to Lady Liberty|Elizabeth Mitchell|October 28, 2014|DAILY BEAST
And for most of its existence, Tesla has relied on a single supplier for the battery cells: Panasonic.
General Grant issued a general order that “every battery bearing upon the enemy” fire in salute.Atlanta’s Fall Foretold The End Of Civil War Bloodshed|Marc Wortman|September 1, 2014|DAILY BEAST
The gadget goes for $75 and can be reused nearly 40 times before the battery needs to be recharged.New Gadget Detects Date Rape Drugs, But Will Women Use It?|Natalie Raschke|July 22, 2014|DAILY BEAST
The lights are used both by the aeroplane and the battery of artillery.Aeroplanes and Dirigibles of War|Frederick A. Talbot
If the battery has glass jars, the height of the electrolyte can be seen easily.The Automobile Storage Battery|O. A. Witte
I think we were about fifty yards away from the battery when a big shell burst, or at least a "Jack Johnson" as the boys call it.What the "Boys" Did Over There|Various
Beaulieu had placed a battery of thirty cannon so as to completely sweep every plank of the bridge.Military Career of Napoleon the Great|Montgomery B. Gibbs
Soon as Ricketts gets his guns in battery, his men and horses begin to fall, under the fire of these sharpshooters.The Great Conspiracy, Part 3.|John Alexander Logan
noun plural -teries
- two or more primary cells connected together, usually in series, to provide a source of electric current
- short for dry battery
- a large group of cages for intensive rearing of poultry
- (as modifier)battery hens
Word Origin for battery
1530s, "action of battering," from Middle French batterie, from Old French baterie (12c.) "beating, thrashing, assault," from batre "beat," from Latin battuere "beat" (see batter (v.)).
Meaning shifted in Middle French from "bombardment" ("heavy blows" upon city walls or fortresses) to "unit of artillery" (a sense recorded in English from 1550s). Extension to "electrical cell" (1748, first used by Ben Franklin) is perhaps from the artillery sense via notion of "discharges" of electricity. In Middle English, bateri meant only "forged metal ware." In obsolete baseball jargon battery was the word for "pitcher and catcher" considered as a unit (1867, originally only the pitcher).
A Closer Look
A battery stores chemical energy, which it converts to electrical energy. A typical battery, such as a car battery, is composed of an arrangement of galvanic cells. Each cell contains two metal electrodes, separate from each other, immersed within an electrolyte containing both positive and negative ions. A chemical reaction between the electrodes and the electrolyte, similar to that found in electroplating, takes place, and the metals dissolve in the electrolyte, leaving electrons behind on the electrodes. However, the metals dissolve at different rates, so a greater number of electrons accumulate at one electrode (creating the negative electrode) than at the other electrode (which becomes the positive electrode). This gives rise to an electric potential between the electrodes, which are typically linked together in series and parallel to one another in order to provide the desired voltage at the battery terminals (12 volts, for example, for a car battery). The buildup of charge on the electrodes prevents the metals from dissolving further, but if the battery is hooked up to an electric circuit through which current may flow, electrons are drawn out of the negative electrodes and into the positive ones, reducing their charge and allowing further chemical reactions.