endive [ en-dahyv, ahn-deev; ah French n- deev] noun, plural en·dives . [ en-dahyvz, ahn-deevz; ah French n- deev] /ˈɛn daɪvz, ˈɑn divz; ɑ̃ˈdiv/ French a composite plant, Cichorium endivia, having a rosette of often curly-edged leaves used in salads. Compare escarole. Also called Belgian endive, French endive, witloof. a young chicory plant, deprived of light to form a narrow head of whitish leaves that are eaten as a cooked vegetable or used raw in salads. . Furniture an ornamental motif having the form of an arrangement of acanthus or endive leaves. Origin of endive 1325–75; Middle English < Middle French ≪ Medieval Greek entýbia, plural of entýbion, derivative of earlier éntybon < Latin intubum, intibum, earlier intubus chicory, endive, perhaps < Semitic
Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019
British Dictionary definitions for belgian-endive noun a plant, Cichorium endivia, cultivated for its crisp curly leaves, which are used in salads: family Asteraceae (composites) Compare chicory Word Origin for endive
C15: from Old French, from Medieval Latin
endīvia, variant of Latin intubus, entubus, of uncertain origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
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Word Origin and History for belgian-endive n.
late 14c., from Old French
endive, from Medieval Latin endiva or Late Latin intibus, perhaps from Medieval Greek entybon (though OED considers this a borrowing from Latin), which is perhaps of Eastern origin (perhaps from Egyptian tybi "January," which is when the plant grows in Egypt).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper