- a composite plant, Cichorium endivia, having a rosette of often curly-edged leaves used in salads.Compare escarole.
- Also called Belgian endive, French endive, witloof. a young chicory plant, deprived of light to form a narrow head of whitish leaves that are eaten as a cooked vegetable or used raw in salads.
- Furniture. an ornamental motif having the form of an arrangement of acanthus or endive leaves.
Origin of endive
- a plant, Cichorium endivia, cultivated for its crisp curly leaves, which are used in salads: family Asteraceae (composites)Compare chicory
Word Origin for endive
late 14c., from Old French endive, from Medieval Latin endiva or Late Latin intibus, perhaps from Medieval Greek entybon (though OED considers this a borrowing from Latin), which is perhaps of Eastern origin (perhaps from Egyptian tybi "January," which is when the plant grows in Egypt).