Belgian endive

endive

[en-dahyv, ahn-deev; French ahn-deev]
noun, plural en·dives [en-dahyvz, ahn-deevz; French ahn-deev] /ˈɛn daɪvz, ˈɑn divz; French ɑ̃ˈdiv/.
  1. a composite plant, Cichorium endivia, having a rosette of often curly-edged leaves used in salads.Compare escarole.
  2. Also called Belgian endive, French endive, witloof. a young chicory plant, deprived of light to form a narrow head of whitish leaves that are eaten as a cooked vegetable or used raw in salads.
  3. Furniture. an ornamental motif having the form of an arrangement of acanthus or endive leaves.

Origin of endive

1325–75; Middle English < Middle FrenchMedieval Greek entýbia, plural of entýbion, derivative of earlier éntybon < Latin intubum, intibum, earlier intubus chicory, endive, perhaps < Semitic
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for belgian-endive

endive

noun
  1. a plant, Cichorium endivia, cultivated for its crisp curly leaves, which are used in salads: family Asteraceae (composites)Compare chicory

Word Origin for endive

C15: from Old French, from Medieval Latin endīvia, variant of Latin intubus, entubus, of uncertain origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for belgian-endive

endive

n.

late 14c., from Old French endive, from Medieval Latin endiva or Late Latin intibus, perhaps from Medieval Greek entybon (though OED considers this a borrowing from Latin), which is perhaps of Eastern origin (perhaps from Egyptian tybi "January," which is when the plant grows in Egypt).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper