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berm

[burm]
noun
  1. Also berme. Fortification. a horizontal surface between the exterior slope of a rampart and the moat.
  2. Also called bench. any level strip of ground at the summit or sides, or along the base, of a slope.
  3. Also called backshore, beach berm. a nearly flat back portion of a beach, formed of material deposited by the action of the waves.
  4. Chiefly Indiana, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia. the bank of a canal or the shoulder of a road.
  5. Chiefly Alaska. a mound of snow or dirt, as formed when clearing land.
  6. a bank of earth placed against an exterior wall or walls of a house or other building as protection against extremes of temperature.
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verb (used with object)
  1. to cover or protect with a berm: The side walls were bermed to a height of three feet.
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Origin of berm

1720–30; < French berme < Dutch berm; akin to brim1
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for berme

Historical Examples of berme

  • F G the berme, or place left to prevent the parapet from washing down into the ditch.

    The Continental Monthly, Vol. 6, No 2, August, 1864

    Various

  • No sooner had he reached the spot than he saw a number of Spaniards dropping silently from the berme into the trenches.

    Monk

    Julian Corbett


British Dictionary definitions for berme

berm

berme

noun
  1. a narrow path or ledge at the edge of a slope, road, or canal
  2. NZ the grass verge of a suburban street, usually kept mown
  3. fortifications a narrow path or ledge between a moat and a rampart
  4. military a man-made ridge of sand, designed as an obstacle to tanks, which, in crossing it, have to expose their vulnerable underparts
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Word Origin for berm

C18: from French berme, from Dutch berm, probably from Old Norse barmr brim
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for berme

berm

n.

"narrow ledge," 1729, from French berme (17c.), from Old Dutch baerm "edge of a dike," probably related to brim (q.v.). In U.S., 19c., also the name for the bank of a canal opposite the tow path.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

berme in Science

berm

[bûrm]
  1. A nearly horizontal or landward-sloping portion of a beach formed by the deposition of sediment by storm waves. A beach may have no berm at all, or it may have more than one berm.
  2. A narrow man-made ledge or shelf, as along the top or bottom of a slope.
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The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.