a bitter greenish to golden brown alkaline fluid secreted by the liver and stored in the gall bladder. It is discharged during digestion into the duodenum, where it aids the emulsification and absorption of fats
irritability or peevishness
archaiceither of two bodily humours, one of which (black bile) was thought to cause melancholy and the other (yellow bile) anger
Word Origin for bile
C17: from French, from Latin bīlis, probably of Celtic origin; compare Welsh bustl bile
A bitter, alkaline, brownish-yellow or greenish-yellow fluid that is secreted by the liver, concentrated and stored in the gallbladder, and discharged into the duodenum of the small intestine. It helps in the digestion of fats and the neutralization of acids, such as the hydrochloric acid secreted by the stomach. Bile consists of salts, acids, cholesterol, lipids, pigments, and water.♦ Bile salts help in the emulsification, digestion, and absorption of fats.♦ Bile pigments are waste products formed by the breakdown of hemoglobin from old red blood cells.