Bohemia

[ boh-hee-mee-uh ]
/ boʊˈhi mi ə /
|

noun

Czech Čechy. a region in the W Czech Republic: formerly a kingdom in central Europe; under Hapsburg rule 1526–1918. 20,101 sq. mi. (52,060 sq. km).
(often lowercase) a district inhabited by persons, typically artists, writers, and intellectuals, whose way of life, dress, etc., are generally unconventional or avant-garde.
(often lowercase) the social circles where such behavior is prevalent.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for bohemia

British Dictionary definitions for bohemia

Bohemia

/ (bəʊˈhiːmɪə) /

noun

a former kingdom of central Europe, surrounded by mountains: independent from the 9th to the 13th century; belonged to the Hapsburgs from 1526 until 1918
an area of the W Czech Republic, formerly a province of Czechoslovakia (1918–1949). From 1939 until 1945 it formed part of the German protectorate of Bohemia-MoraviaCzech name: Čechy German name: Böhmen (ˈbøːmən)
a district frequented by unconventional people, esp artists or writers
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for bohemia

Bohemia


central European kingdom, mid-15c., Beeme, from Middle French Boheme "Bohemia," from Latin Boiohaemum (Tacitus), from Boii, the Celtic people who settled in what is now Bohemia (and were driven from it by the Germanic Marcomans early 1c.; singular Boius, fem. Boia, perhaps literally "warriors") + PIE *haimaz "home" (see home (n.)). Attested from 1861 in meaning "community of artists and social Bohemians" or in reference to the district where they live (see bohemian).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper