bottom quark


noun Physics.

the quark having electric charge −1/3 times the elementary charge and bottom quantum number −1. It is more massive than the up, down, strange, and charmed quarks.

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Also called beauty quark, b quark, b-quark.

Origin of bottom quark

First recorded in 1975–80
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020

Scientific definitions for bottom quark

bottom quark
[ bŏtəm ]

A quark with a charge of -13. Its mass is smaller than that of the top quark, but larger than that of all the other quarks. The bottom quark is sometimes referred to as the beauty quark, though this term is falling out of use. See Table at subatomic particle.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.