Origin of branch

1250–1300; Middle English bra(u)nche < Anglo-French; Old French branche < Late Latin branca paw, of uncertain origin
Related formsbranch·less, adjectivebranch·like, adjectivein·ter·branch, adjectivemul·ti·branched, adjectiveout·branch, verb (used with object)un·branched, adjectiveun·branch·ing, adjectiveun·der·branch, nounwell-branched, adjective

Synonyms for branch

Synonym study

1. Branch, bough, limb refer to divisions of a tree. Branch is general, meaning either a large or a small division. Bough refers only to the larger branches: a bough loaded with apples. A limb is a large primary division of a tree trunk or of a bough: to climb out on a limb.

-branch

a combining form for forming nouns and adjectives that denote gill formations or animals having gill formations.

Origin of -branch

< French -branche, New Latin -branchia, from Latin branchiae “gills” (see branchia)
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019


Examples from the Web for branch

Contemporary Examples of branch

Historical Examples of branch

  • Caricature, by the way, is a branch of Georgian Art which M. Rouquet neglects.

  • Lieutenant Ford was wounded and a branch of an artery was cut.

  • Just as he dropped a branch down at her feet, she caught the sound of wheels.

    The Little Colonel

    Annie Fellows Johnston

  • At this moment, the note of a bird sounded from the branch of a neighboring tree.

    Tanglewood Tales

    Nathaniel Hawthorne

  • Accordingly, Jason took the branch at its word, and lopped it off the tree.

    Tanglewood Tales

    Nathaniel Hawthorne


British Dictionary definitions for branch

branch

noun

a secondary woody stem arising from the trunk or bough of a tree or the main stem of a shrub
a subdivision of the stem or root of any other plant
an offshoot or secondary parta branch of a deer's antlers
  1. a subdivision or subsidiary section of something larger or more complexbranches of learning; branch of the family
  2. (as modifier)a branch office
US any small stream
maths a section of a curve separated from the rest of the curve by discontinuities or special points
Also called: jump computing a departure from the normal sequence of programmed instructions into a separate program area
an alternative route in an atomic or nuclear decay series

verb

(intr) (of a tree or other plant) to produce or possess branches
(intr usually foll by from) (of stems, roots, etc) to grow and diverge (from another part)
to divide or be divided into subsidiaries or offshoots
(intr often foll by off) to diverge from the main way, road, topic, etc
See also branch out
Derived Formsbranchless, adjectivebranchlike, adjectivebranchy, adjective

Word Origin for branch

C13: from Old French branche, from Late Latin branca paw, foot
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for branch
n.

c.1300, braunch, "limb of a tree" (also used of things analogous to it, especially geographic features), from Old French branche "branch, bough, twig; branch of a family" (12c.), from Late Latin branca "footprint," later "a claw, paw," of unknown origin, probably from Gaulish. The connecting notion would be the shape (cf. pedigree). Replaced native bough. Meaning "local office of a business" is first recorded 1817, from earlier sense of "component part of a system" (1690s).

v.

"send out shoots or new limbs," late 14c., also, of blood vessels, family trees, etc., "to be forked," from branch (n.). Meaning "to spread out from a center, radiate" is from c.1400. Related: Branched; branching.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

branch in Medicine

branch

[brănch]

n.

An offshoot or a division of the main portion of a structure, especially that of a nerve, blood vessel, or lymphatic vessel; a ramus.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Idioms and Phrases with branch

branch

In addition to the idioms beginning with branch

  • branch off
  • branch out

also see:

  • olive branch
  • root and branch
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.