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burin

[byoo r-in, bur-]
noun
  1. a tempered steel rod, with a lozenge-shaped point and a rounded handle, used for engraving furrows in metal.
  2. a similar tool used by marble workers.
  3. a prehistoric pointed or chisellike flint tool.
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Origin of burin

1655–65; < French < Italian burino (now bulino) graving tool, equivalent to bur- (perhaps < Germanic; see bore2) + -ino -ine2
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for burin

burin

noun
  1. a chisel of tempered steel with a sharp lozenge-shaped point, used for engraving furrows in metal, wood, or marble
  2. an engraver's individual style
  3. archaeol a prehistoric flint tool with a very small transverse edge
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Word Origin

C17: from French, perhaps from Italian burino, of Germanic origin: compare Old High German boro auger; see bore 1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for burin

n.

engraver's tool, 1660s, from French burin, cognate with Italian bolino, Spanish buril, perhaps from Old High German bora "tool for boring" (see bore (v.)).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper