verb (used without object), burst or, often, burst·ed, burst·ing.
verb (used with object), burst or, often, burst·ed, burst·ing.
- the explosion of a projectile, especially in a specified place: an air burst.
- a rapid sequence of shots fired by one pull on the trigger of an automatic weapon: A burst from the machine gun shattered all the windows.
Origin of burst
Synonyms for burst
Related Words for burstedfusillade, rush, explosion, salvo, shower, blowout, gust, flare, eruption, outbreak, spate, surge, outpouring, barrage, crack, storm, volley, spurt, torrent, blow
Examples from the Web for bursted
Historical Examples of bursted
On the fifth day he stretched out his feet and that bursted the pod.A Treasury of Eskimo Tales
Clara Kern Bayliss
The Lady made a little gasp as though her Patience was bursted.Fairy Prince and Other Stories
Eleanor Hallowell Abbott
An' you sorter spotted their bein' in this yer desk and bursted it?Cressy
He did not enter the world the right way, but bursted from the womb.The Indian in his Wigwam
Henry R. Schoolcraft
I only knew that the gun had bursted from seeing its fragments.Thirty Years' View (Vol. II of 2)
Thomas Hart Benton
verb bursts, bursting or burst
Word Origin for burst
Old English berstan (intransitive) "break suddenly, shatter under pressure" (class III strong verb; past tense bærst, past participle borsten), from a West Germanic metathesis of Proto-Germanic *brestanan (cf. Old Saxon brestan, Old Frisian bersta, Middle Dutch berstan, Low German barsten, Dutch barsten, Old High German brestan, German bersten "to burst"), from PIE root *bhreus- "to burst, break, crack" (see bruise (v.)).
The forms reverted to brest- in Middle English from influence of Old Norse brestan/brast/brosten, from the same Germanic root, but it was re-metathesized late 16c. and emerged in the modern form, though brast was common as past tense through 17c. and survives in dialect.
Of extended or distended surfaces from 1530s. Figuratively, in reference to being over-full of excitement, anticipation, etc., from 1630s. Transitive sense ("to cause to break") is from late 13c. Meaning "to issue suddenly and abundantly" is from c.1300 (literal), mid-13c. (figurative). Meaning "break into sudden activity or expression" is from 1680s. Related: Bursting.
1610s, "act of bursting," from burst (v.). Meaning "a spurt" (of activity, etc.) is from 1862. The earlier noun berst (early Middle English) meant "damage, injury, harm."