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Jove

[johv]
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noun
  1. Jupiter(def 1).
  2. Archaic. the planet Jupiter.
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Idioms
  1. by Jove! (an exclamation used to emphasize an accompanying remark or to express surprise, approval, etc.): It was a good fight, by Jove!
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Origin of Jove

1325–75; Middle English < Latin Jov- (oblique stem of compound nominative Juppiter father Jove), akin. to deus god; cognate with Greek Zeús (genitive Diós) Zeus
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for by jove

Jove

noun
  1. another name for Jupiter 1
  2. by Jove an exclamation of surprise or excitement
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Word Origin

C14: from Old Latin Jovis Jupiter
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for by jove

Jove

Roman god of the bright sky, late 14c., from Latin Iovis, from PIE *dyeu- "to shine," with derivatives referring to the sky, heavens, a god (see diurnal, and cf. Zeus). In classical Latin, the compound Iuppiter replaced Old Latin Iovis as the god's name.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Idioms and Phrases with by jove

by Jove

Also, by cracky. Used to express surprise or emphasis. For example, By Jove, I was glad to see her, or It was a great day, by cracky. These mild oaths are euphemisms, the first for “by Jesus” or “by God” (Jove is another name for Jupiter, the principal Roman god), and the folksy variant by cracky for “by Christ.” Both idioms may be dying out.

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The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.