cadet

[kuh-det]
|

noun


Nearby words

  1. cadency,
  2. cadent,
  3. cadent house,
  4. cadential,
  5. cadenza,
  6. cadet cloth,
  7. cadette,
  8. cadge,
  9. cadger,
  10. cadgy

Origin of cadet

1600–10; < French < Gascon capdet chief, captain (referring to the younger sons of noble families); compare Old Provençal capdel headman < Latin capitellum literally, small head; see capital2

Related formsca·det·ship, noun

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for cadetship


British Dictionary definitions for cadetship

cadet

noun

a young person undergoing preliminary training, usually before full entry to the uniformed services, police, etc, esp for officer status
a school pupil receiving elementary military training in a school corps
(in England and in France before 1789) a gentleman, usually a younger son, who entered the army to prepare for a commission
a younger son or brother
cadet branch the family or family branch of a younger son
(in New Zealand) a person learning sheep farming on a sheep station
Derived Formscadetship, noun

Word Origin for cadet

C17: from French, from dialect (Gascon) capdet captain, ultimately from Latin caput head

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for cadetship

cadet

n.

c.1610, "younger son or brother," from French cadet "military student officer," noun use of adjective, "younger" (15c.), from Gascon capdet "captain, chief, youth of a noble family," from Late Latin capitellum, literally "little chief," hence, "inferior head of a family," diminutive of Latin caput "head" (see capitulum). "The eldest son being regarded as the first head of the family, the second son the cadet, or little head" [Kitchin].

Apparently younger sons from Gascon noble families were sent to French court to serve as officers, which gave the word its military meaning. In English, the meaning "gentleman entering the military as a profession" is from 1650s, and that of "student at a military college" is from 1775.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper