noun, verb (used with object)
Usually calipers. an instrument for measuring thicknesses and internal or external diameters inaccessible to a scale, consisting usually of a pair of adjustable pivoted legs.
any of various calibrated instruments for measuring thicknesses or distances between surfaces, usually having a screwed or sliding adjustable piece.Compare vernier caliper.
thickness or depth, as of paper or a tree.
Usually calipers. the pincers of an earwig.
Automotive. the part of a disc-brake assembly that straddles the disc and presses the brake pads against it.
a similar part used with a hand brake on a bicycle.
verb (used with object)
to measure with calipers.
verb (used without object)
Origin of caliper
First recorded in 1580–90;
presumably variant of caliber
Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019
Examples from the Web for calliper
Historical Examples of calliper
British Dictionary definitions for calliper
Also called: calliper compasses (often plural) an instrument for measuring internal or external dimensions, consisting of two steel legs hinged together
Also called: calliper splint med a splint consisting of two metal rods with straps attached, for supporting or exerting tension on the leg
(tr) to measure the dimensions of (an object) with callipers
Word Origin for calliper
C16: variant of calibre
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Word Origin and History for calliper
variant of caliper. Related: Callipers.
1620s, short for calliper compass (1580s), a device used to measure caliber (q.v.). Related: Calipers.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
An instrument consisting essentially of two curved hinged legs, used to measure thickness and distances.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
An instrument consisting of two curved legs connected at a hinge, used to measure thickness and distance. Often used in the plural as calipers.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.