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capsicum

[kap-si-kuh m]
noun
  1. any plant of the genus Capsicum, of the nightshade family, as C. annuum, the common pepper of the garden, occurring in many varieties.
  2. the fruit of such a plant or some preparation of it, used as a condiment and intestinal stimulant.
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Origin of capsicum

1655–65; < New Latin, equivalent to Latin caps(a) case2 + -icum, neuter of -icus -ic
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for capsicum

capsicum

noun
  1. any tropical American plant of the solanaceous genus Capsicum, such as C. frutescens, having mild or pungent seeds enclosed in a pod-shaped or bell-shaped fruit
  2. the fruit of any of these plants, used as a vegetable or ground to produce a condiment
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Word Origin

C18: from New Latin, from Latin capsa box, case ²
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for capsicum

Capsicum

n.

genus of pepper plants, 1660s, of unknown origin, a word said to have been chosen by French botanist Joseph Pitton de Tournefort (1656-1708); perhaps irregularly formed from Latin capsa "box" (see case (n.2)).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper