(formerly) a petty officer of justice, especially one arresting persons for debt.
Origin of catchpole
before 1050;Middle Englishcacchepol,late Old Englishcæcephol < Medieval Latincacepollus tax-gatherer, literally, chase-fowl, equivalent to cace- (< Old North French; see catch) + pollus < Latinpullus chick; see pullet
Related formscatch·pol·er·y, catch·poll·er·y, noun
Old English *kæcepol "tax-gatherer," from Old North French cachepol (Old French chacepol), from Medieval Latin cacepollus "a tax gatherer," literally "chase-chicken." For first element see chase (v.), for second see pullet. In lieu of taxes they would confiscate poultry. Later in English more specifically as "a sheriff's officer whose duty was to make arrests for debt." Cf. Old French chacipolerie "tax paid to a nobleman by his subjects allowing them and their families to shelter in his castle in wartime."