chafe

[cheyf]
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verb (used with object), chafed, chaf·ing.
  1. to wear or abrade by rubbing: He chafed his shoes on the rocks.
  2. to make sore by rubbing: Her collar chafed her neck.
  3. to irritate; annoy: The dripping of the faucet chafed her nerves.
  4. to warm by rubbing: to chafe cold hands.
  5. Obsolete. to heat; make warm.
verb (used without object), chafed, chaf·ing.
  1. to become worn or sore from rubbing: His neck began to chafe from the starched collar.
  2. to rub; press with friction: The horse chafed against his stall.
  3. to be irritated or annoyed: He chafed at their constant interruptions.
noun
  1. irritation; annoyance.
  2. heat, wear, or soreness caused by rubbing.
Idioms
  1. chafe at the bit, to become impatient at delay: The work was going very slowly, and he began to chafe at the bit.

Origin of chafe

1275–1325; Middle English chaufen to heat, rub, chafe < Middle French chaufer < Vulgar Latin *calfāre, variant of Latin cal(e)facere, equivalent to cale- (stem of calēre to be hot) + facere to make
Related formsnon·chaf·ing, adjectiveo·ver·chafe, verb, o·ver·chafed, o·ver·chaf·ing.un·chafed, adjective
Can be confusedchafe chaff

Synonyms for chafe

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Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018


Examples from the Web for chafing

Contemporary Examples of chafing

Historical Examples of chafing

  • Wilson, chafing under the delay, was obliged to admit to himself that it was best.

    K

    Mary Roberts Rinehart

  • She had stepped across to that side, and held the hand between her own two, chafing it.

    Little Dorrit

    Charles Dickens

  • The latter was worked up by the chafing speeches of the Marshal.

    My Double Life

    Sarah Bernhardt

  • Roaring and chafing like an angry sea, the crowd pressed after them.

    Barnaby Rudge

    Charles Dickens

  • By this time the first man was chafing to take a second turn.

    Pariah Planet

    Murray Leinster


British Dictionary definitions for chafing

chafe

verb
  1. to make or become sore or worn by rubbing
  2. (tr) to warm (the hands, etc) by rubbing
  3. to irritate or be irritated or impatienthe was chafed because he was not allowed out
  4. (intr; often foll by on, against, etc) to cause friction; rub
  5. chafe at the bit See champ 1 (def. 3)
noun
  1. a soreness or irritation caused by friction

Word Origin for chafe

C14: from Old French chaufer to warm, ultimately from Latin calefacere, from calēre to be warm + facere to make
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for chafing

chafe

v.

early 14c., chaufen, c.1300, "be provoked;" late 14c. in literal sense "to make warm, to heat," also intransitive, "to grow warm or hot," especially (early 15c.) "to warm by rubbing," from Old French chaufer "heat, warm up, become warm" (12c., Modern French chauffer), from Vulgar Latin *calefare, from Latin calefacere "to make hot, make warm," from calere "be warm" (see calorie) + facere "to make, do" (see factitious).

Figurative sense from late 14c. include now-obsolete "kindle (joy), inspire, make passionate" as well as "provoke, vex, anger." Sense of "make sore by rubbing" first recorded 1520s. Related: Chafed; chafing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

chafing in Medicine

chafe

[chāf]
v.
  1. To cause irritation of the skin by friction.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.