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charisma

[kuh-riz-muh]
noun, plural cha·ris·ma·ta [kuh-riz-muh-tuh] /kəˈrɪz mə tə/.
  1. Theology. a divinely conferred gift or power.
  2. a spiritual power or personal quality that gives an individual influence or authority over large numbers of people.
  3. the special virtue of an office, function, position, etc., that confers or is thought to confer on the person holding it an unusual ability for leadership, worthiness of veneration, or the like.
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Also char·ism [kar-iz-uhm] /ˈkær ɪz əm/.

Origin of charisma

1635–45; < Late Latin < Greek, equivalent to char- (base of cháris favor, charízesthai to favor; akin to yearn, exhort) + -isma -ism

Synonyms

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words

glamour, magnetism, allure, pizzazz, dazzle, fascination, flash, witchcraft, appeal, witchery, IT, something

Examples from the Web for charismata

Historical Examples

  • It will be noticed also that other Charismata are here introduced, whilst "discerning of spirits" is omitted.

    Supernatural Religion, Vol. III. (of III)

    Walter Richard Cassels

  • Do we not get an instructive insight into the nature of the other Charismata from this suggestive fact?


British Dictionary definitions for charismata

charisma

charism (ˈkærɪzəm)

noun
  1. a special personal quality or power of an individual making him capable of influencing or inspiring large numbers of people
  2. a quality inherent in a thing which inspires great enthusiasm and devotion
  3. Christianity a divinely bestowed power or talent
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Derived Formscharismatic (ˌkærɪzˈmætɪk), adjective

Word Origin

C17: from Church Latin, from Greek kharisma, from kharis grace, favour
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for charismata

charisma

n.

"gift of leadership, power of authority," c.1930, from German, used in this sense by Max Weber (1864-1920) in "Wirtschaft u. Gesellschaft" (1922), from Greek kharisma "favor, divine gift," from kharizesthai "to show favor to," from kharis "grace, beauty, kindness" (Charis was the name of one of the three attendants of Aphrodite) related to khairein "to rejoice at," from PIE root *gher- "to desire, like" (see hortatory). More mundane sense of "personal charm" recorded by 1959.

Earlier, the word had been used in English with a sense of "grace, talent from God" (1875), directly from Latinized Greek; and in the form charism (plural charismata) it is attested with this sense in English from 1640s. Middle English, meanwhile, had karisme "spiritual gift, divine grace" (c.1500).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

charismata in Culture

charisma

[(kuh-riz-muh)]

Extraordinary power and appeal of personality; natural ability to inspire a large following.

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Note

Political leaders such as John F. Kennedy, religious leaders such as Martin Luther King, Jr., and entertainment figures such as Greta Garbo have all been described as charismatic.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.