Chinese pavilion


[kres-uh nt]
  1. a shape resembling a segment of a ring tapering to points at the ends.
  2. something, as a roll or cookie, having this shape.
  3. Astronomy.
    1. the figure of the moon in its first or last quarter, resembling a segment of a ring tapering to points at the ends.
    2. the similar figure of Mercury and Venus on either side of inferior conjunction, when seen through a telescope.
  4. the emblem of Turkey or of Islam.
  5. the power, religion, or civilization of Turkey or of Islam.
  6. Also called Chinese crescent, Chinese pavilion, jingling Johnny, pavillon Chinois, Turkish crescent. a musical percussion instrument of Turkish origin, consisting of a pole bearing a crescent-shaped metal plate, topped with a pavillon, and hung with small bells.
  7. Chiefly British.
    1. a curved street, often having solid façades of unified architectural design.
    2. the curve or curved portion of a street.
  8. Heraldry. a representation of a crescent moon, horns upward unless otherwise specified, used as the cadency mark of a second son.
  1. shaped like a crescent.
  2. increasing; growing.

Origin of crescent

1350–1400; < Latin crēscent- (stem of crēscēns) present participle of crēscere to grow (see create, -esce); replacing Middle English cressaunt < Anglo-French < Latin as above
Related formscres·cen·tic [kri-sen-tik] /krɪˈsɛn tɪk/, adjectivesub·cres·cen·tic, adjective Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for chinese-pavilion


  1. the biconcave shape of the moon in its first or last quarters
  2. any shape or object resembling this
  3. mainly British
    1. a crescent-shaped street, often lined with houses of the same style
    2. (capital when part of a name)Pelham Crescent
  4. heraldry a crescent moon, used as the cadency mark of a second son
  5. the crescent (often capital)
    1. the emblem of Islam or Turkey
    2. Islamic or Turkish power
  1. archaic, or poetic increasing or growing
Derived Formscrescentic (krəˈsɛntɪk), adjective

Word Origin for crescent

C14: from Latin crescēns increasing, from crescere to grow
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for chinese-pavilion



late 14c., "crescent-shaped ornament," from Anglo-French cressaunt, from Old French creissant "crescent of the moon" (12c., Modern French croissant), from Latin crescentum (nominative crescens), present participle of crescere "come forth, spring up, grow, thrive, swell, increase in numbers or strength," from PIE root *ker- "to grow" (cf. Latin Ceres, goddess of agriculture, creare "to bring forth, create, produce;" Greek kouros "boy," kore "girl;" Armenian serem "bring forth," serim "be born").

Applied in Latin to the waxing moon, luna crescens, but subsequently in Latin mistaken to refer to the shape, not the stage. The original Latin sense is preserved in crescendo. A badge or emblem of the Turkish sultans (probably chosen for its suggestion of "increase"); figurative sense of "Muslim political power" is from 1580s, but modern writers often falsely associate it with the Saracens of the Crusades or the Moors of Spain. Horns of the waxing moon are on the viewer's left side; those of the waning moon are on his right.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

chinese-pavilion in Medicine


  1. Something having concave and convex edges terminating in points.
  1. Crescent-shaped.
Related formscres•centic (krə-sĕntĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

chinese-pavilion in Science


  1. Partly but less than half illuminated. Used to describe the Moon or a planet. Compare gibbous.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.