cinchona

[ sing-koh-nuh, sin- ]
/ sɪŋˈkoʊ nə, sɪn- /
|

noun

any of several trees or shrubs of the genus Cinchona, of the madder family, especially C. calisaya, native to the Andes, cultivated there and in Java and India for its bark, which yields quinine and other alkaloids.
Also called Jesuit's bark, Peruvian bark. the medicinal bark of such trees or shrubs.

Origin of cinchona

< New Latin, the Linnaean genus name, after Francisca Enriques de Ribera, Countess of Chinchón (died 1641), who was associated with the introduction of quinine into Europe, in several accounts now considered spurious

Related forms

cin·chon·ic [sin-kon-ik] /sɪnˈkɒn ɪk/, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for cinchona

British Dictionary definitions for cinchona

cinchona

/ (sɪŋˈkəʊnə) /

noun

any tree or shrub of the South American rubiaceous genus Cinchona, esp C. calisaya, having medicinal bark
Also called: cinchona bark, Peruvian bark, calisaya, china bark the dried bark of any of these trees, which yields quinine and other medicinal alkaloids
any of the drugs derived from cinchona bark

Derived Forms

cinchonic (sɪŋˈkɒnɪk), adjective

Word Origin for cinchona

C18: New Latin, named after the Countess of Chinchón (1576–1639), vicereine of Peru
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Medicine definitions for cinchona

cinchona

[ sĭng-kōnə, sĭn-chō- ]

n.

Any of several trees and shrubs of the genus Cinchona, native chiefly to the Andes and cultivated for bark that yields the medicinal alkaloids quinine and quinidine.
The dried bark of any of these plants.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.