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civil

[ siv-uhl ]
/ ˈsɪv əl /
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adjective

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The rainy weather could not ________ my elated spirits on my graduation day.

Origin of civil

1350–1400; Middle English <Latin cīvīlis, equivalent to cīv(is) citizen + -īlis-il
7, 8. Civil, affable, courteous, polite all imply avoidance of rudeness toward others. Civil suggests a minimum of observance of social requirements. Affable suggests ease of approach and friendliness. Courteous implies positive, dignified, sincere, and thoughtful consideration for others. Polite implies habitual courtesy, arising from a consciousness of one's training and the demands of good manners.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021

British Dictionary definitions for civil

civil
/ (ˈsɪvəl) /

adjective

civilly, adverbcivilness, noun
C14: from Old French, from Latin cīvīlis, from cīvis citizen
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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