verb (used with object), closed, clos·ing.
verb (used without object), closed, clos·ing.
adjective, clos·er, clos·est.
- the closing price on a stock.
- the closing prices on an exchange market.
- a narrow entry or alley terminating in a dead end.
- a courtyard enclosed except for one narrow entrance.
- to terminate the operation of; discontinue: to close down an air base because of budget cuts.
- to attempt to control or eliminate: The city must close down drug traffic.
- to approach so as to capture, attack, arrest, etc.: The hoodlums closed in on their victim.
- to surround or envelop so as to entrap: a feeling that the room was closing in upon her.
- to reduce the price of (merchandise) for quick sale: That store is closing out its stock of men's clothing.
- to liquidate or dispose of finally and completely: They closed out their interests after many years in this city.
- to come together in close array; converge: The enemy was closing up on us from both flanks.
- to bring to an end; cease: The company is closing up its overseas operations.
- to become silent or uncommunicative.
- to reduce or eliminate spacing material between (units of set type).
- from close range; in a detailed manner; intimately.
- Nautical.fully raised; at the top of the halyard: an answering pennant flown close up.Compare dip1(def 37).
Origin of close
Synonyms for close
Related Words for closestconvenient, warm, adjacent, solid, tight, similar, devoted, familiar, dear, related, neighboring, adjoining, handy, impending, approaching, nearest, abutting, nigh, compact, firm
Examples from the Web for closest
Contemporary Examples of closest
Acting legend talks about what role is closest to her heart.Gena Rowlands on Her Favorite ‘Woman’
The Daily Beast Video
January 3, 2015
Fire Commissioner Daniel Nigro had been among those who responded on 9/11, and he had lost some of his closest comrades.Rescue at One World Trade Center
November 13, 2014
Scheiber inferred that Jarrett “is the closest we have to a human decoder ring” capable of unveiling “the real Barack Obama.”Valerie Jarrett, Obama Consigliere—and Democracy Killer
November 12, 2014
And Paul, probably, is the closest thing the party has to a responsible voice on foreign policy.How Can Dems Be Losing to These Idiots?
October 29, 2014
Perhaps the closest Senate race in the United States is the one pitting Bruce Braley against Joni Ernst in Iowa.The Far-Right Radio Host Who Could Deliver the Senate to the GOP
October 6, 2014
Historical Examples of closest
I think he'd be the closest we'd ever come to gettin' the master back.Her Father's Daughter
Only by the closest attention could one hear or see in a room like this.The Underdog
F. Hopkinson Smith
This matter will not be allowed to pass off without the closest investigation, believe me.Henry Dunbar
M. E. Braddon
Now, it happened that our Congressional District was one of the closest.Beauty and The Beast, and Tales From Home
Since then the closest friendship has united the two nations.Latin America and the United States
Word Origin for close
- euphemisticto die
- (often foll by to)to ignore
c.1200, "to shut, cover in," from Old French clos- (past participle stem of clore "to shut, to cut off from"), 12c., from Latin clausus, past participle of claudere "to shut, close; to block up, make inaccessible; put an end to; shut in, enclose, confine" (always -clusus, -cludere in compounds).
The Latin word might be from the possible PIE root *klau- "hook, peg, crooked or forked branch" (used as a bar or bolt in primitive structures); cf. Latin clavis "key," clavus "nail," claustrum "bar, bolt, barrier," claustra "dam, wall, barricade, stronghold;" Greek kleidos (genitive) "bar, bolt, key," klobos "cage;" Old Irish clo "nail," Middle Irish clithar "hedge, fence;" Old Church Slavonic ključi "hook, key," ključiti "shut;" Lithuanian kliuti "to catch, be caught on," kliaudziu "check, hinder," kliuvu "clasp, hang;" Old High German sliozan "shut," German schließen "to shut," Schlüssel "key."
Also partly from Old English beclysan "close in, shut up." Intransitive sense "become shut" is from late 14c. Meaning "draw near to" is from 1520s. Intransitive meaning "draw together, come together" is from 1550s, hence the idea in military verbal phrase close ranks (mid-17c.), later with figurative extensions. Meaning "bring to an end, finish" is from c.1400; intransitive sense "come to an end" is from 1826. Of stock prices, from 1860. Meaning "bring together the parts of" (a book, etc.) is from 1560s. Related: Closed; closing.
late 14c., "strictly confined," also "secret," from Old French clos "confined; concealed, secret; taciturn" (12c.), from Latin clausus "close, reserved," past participle adjective from claudere "stop up, fasten, shut" (see close (v.)); main sense shifting to "near" (late 15c.) by way of "closing the gap between two things." Related: Closely.
Meaning "narrowly confined, pent up" is late 14c. Meaning "near" in a figurative sense, of persons, from 1560s. Meaning "full of attention to detail" is from 1660s. Of contests, from 1855. Close call is from 1866, in a quotation in an anecdote from 1863, possibly a term from the American Civil War; close shave in the figurative sense is 1820, American English. Close range is from 1814. Close-minded is attested from 1818. Close-fisted "penurious, miserly" is from c.1600.
late 14c., "act of closing, conclusion, termination," from close (v.). Also in early use "enclosure, enclosed space" (late 13c.), from Old French clos, noun use of past participle.
"tightly, with no opening or space between," from close (adj.).
In addition to the idioms beginning with close
- close at hand
- close but no cigar
- close call
- closed book, a
- closed door
- close down
- close in
- close one's eyes to
- close out
- close ranks
- close shave
- close the books
- close the door on
- close the sale
- close to home
- close up
- at close quarters
- at close range
- behind closed doors
- keep (a close) watch
- near (close) to one's heart
- play one's cards close to one's chest
- sail close to the wind
- too close for comfort
- too close to call