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cloze

[klohz]
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adjective
  1. pertaining to or being a procedure used to measure comprehension or text difficulty, in which a person is called upon to supply elements that have been systematically deleted from a text.
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noun
  1. a cloze procedure or test.
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Origin of cloze

1953; back formation from closure (in the sense “the tendency to fill in missing elements based on past experience”), respelling to make it distinct from close
Can be confusedclose clothes cloze
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Word Origin and History for clozer

cloze

n.

1953, in psychological writing, evidently abstracted from the pronunciation of closure.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper