communicating artery

[ kə-myōōnĭ-kā′tĭng ]


An artery that connects two larger arteries.
A short artery joining the two anterior cerebral arteries and completing anteriorly the circle of Willis; anterior communicating artery.
An artery with origin in the internal carotid artery, with distribution to the optic tract, cerebral peduncle, and hippocampal gyrus; and with anastomoses with the posterior cerebral artery to form the circle of Willis; posterior communicating artery.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.