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Cooper pair

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noun

physics a pair of weakly bound electrons responsible for the transfer of charge in a superconducting material

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Word Origin for Cooper pair

C20: named after Leon Neil Cooper (born 1930), US physicist
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

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Scientific definitions for Cooper pair

Cooper pair
[ kōōpər ]

A pair of weakly bound electrons in a superconductor. Cooper pairs have the property of bosons and can thus reside together in a ground state. They are named after their discoverer, American physicist Leon N. Cooper (born 1930). See also Bose-Einstein condensate.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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