[ kawr-uh-ley-shuhn, kor- ]
/ ˌkɔr əˈleɪ ʃən, ˌkɒr- /
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See synonyms for: correlation / correlations on Thesaurus.com

mutual relation of two or more things, parts, etc.: Studies find a positive correlation between severity of illness and nutritional status of the patients.
the act of correlating or state of being correlated.
Statistics. the degree to which two or more attributes or measurements on the same group of elements show a tendency to vary together.
Physiology. the interdependence or reciprocal relations of organs or functions.
Geology. the demonstrable equivalence, in age or lithology, of two or more stratigraphic units, as formations or members of such.
Test how much you really know about regular and irregular plural nouns with this quiz.
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Which of the following nouns has an irregular plural form?
Also especially British, co·re·la·tion .

Origin of correlation

First recorded in 1555–65; from Medieval Latin: correlātiōn- (stem of correlātiō ); see cor-, relation

historical usage of correlation

The word correlation is a wonderful example of a word that started out as a general term and proved to be so useful in various fields of study that it developed more specialized senses over time.
Correlation has been in the English language since the 16th century. Its French cousin, corrélation, comes from Latin which literally means “restoring things together.” In English, we use it to describe a mutual relation between two things. Correlation is not to be confused with the word corollary, which is derived from an entirely different Latin root, corrollārium, a kind of ancient Roman gratuity, a “little something extra.”
In the 19th century, scholars of various disciplines adopted the term correlation to their specific areas of interest. In statistics, a correlation between two variables can be described as a numerical value. The words “positive,” “negative,” “strong,” and “direct” are often used as modifiers before correlation in this context. In the fields of biology and geology, researchers use correlation to help understand and describe various features of physiology and rock formations respectively. With the original meaning still in popular use, correlation is not just for mathematicians and scientists. Just be aware that if you casually mention correlation (in the general sense) to math enthusiasts, their initial responses might be to visualize a graph.

popular references for correlation

—Pearson correlation coefficient: a value between -1 and +1 that represents the relationship between two variables.

OTHER WORDS FROM correlation

cor·re·la·tion·al, adjectivein·ter·cor·re·la·tion, nounmis·cor·re·la·tion, nounnon·cor·re·la·tion, noun

Quotations related to correlation

  • "Researchers compute correlation coefficients when they want to know how two variables are related to each other. "
    -Timothy C. Urdan Statistics in Plain English (2005)
  • "From correlation of the rock sequences exposed at different localities, geologists can reconstruct a geologic history over a billion years long. "
    -Frank Press, et. al Understanding Earth (2004)
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2022

How to use correlation in a sentence

British Dictionary definitions for correlation

/ (ˌkɒrɪˈleɪʃən) /

a mutual or reciprocal relationship between two or more things
the act or process of correlating or the state of being correlated
statistics the extent of correspondence between the ordering of two variables. Correlation is positive or direct when two variables move in the same direction and negative or inverse when they move in opposite directions

Derived forms of correlation

correlational, adjective

Word Origin for correlation

C16: from Medieval Latin correlātiō, from com- together + relātiō, relation
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012