corticosteroid [ kawr-t uh-koh- ster-oid, - steer- ] SHOW IPA / ˌkɔr tə koʊˈstɛr ɔɪd, -ˈstɪər- / PHONETIC RESPELLING WORD ORIGIN noun . Biochemistry any of a class of steroids, as aldosterone, hydrocortisone, or cortisone, occurring in nature, especially as a product of the adrenal cortex, or synthesized.
cor·ti·coid [ kawr-t uh-koid] /ˈkɔr təˌkɔɪd/
Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019
British Dictionary definitions for corticoid noun any steroid hormone produced by the adrenal cortex that affects carbohydrate, protein, and electrolyte metabolism, gonad function, and immune response any similar synthetic substance, used in treating inflammatory and allergic diseases
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
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Word Origin and History for corticoid n.
by 1945, from
cortico-, word-forming element from comb. form of Latin cortex "bark of a tree" (see cortex), applied since c.1890 to various surface structures of plants, animals, or organs + steroid. So called because they are produced in the adrenal cortex. Related: Corticosterone.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Medicine definitions for corticoid corticosteroid [ kôr′tĭ-kō-stîr ′oid′, -stĕr ′- ] n. Any of the steroid hormones produced by the adrenal cortex or their synthetic equivalents.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Science definitions for corticoid corticosteroid [ kôr′tĭ-kō-stîr ′oid′, -stĕr ′- ] Any of the steroid hormones, such as cortisol or aldosterone, produced by the cortex of the adrenal gland. Corticosteroids are also produced synthetically for medicinal purposes.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.