countershading

[ koun-ter-shey-ding ]
/ ˈkaʊn tərˌʃeɪ dɪŋ /

noun Zoology.

the development of dark colors on parts usually exposed to the sun and of light colors on parts usually shaded, especially as serving for protection or concealment.

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Origin of countershading

First recorded in 1895–1900; counter- + shading
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020

British Dictionary definitions for countershading

countershading
/ (ˌkaʊntəˈʃeɪdɪŋ) /

noun

(in the coloration of certain animals) a pattern, serving as camouflage, in which dark colours occur on parts of the body exposed to the light and pale colours on parts in the shade
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012