Dictionary.com
definitions
  • synonyms

crusade

[kroo-seyd]
noun
  1. (often initial capital letter) any of the military expeditions undertaken by the Christians of Europe in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries for the recovery of the Holy Land from the Muslims.
  2. any war carried on under papal sanction.
  3. any vigorous, aggressive movement for the defense or advancement of an idea, cause, etc.: a crusade against child abuse.
Show More
verb (used without object), cru·sad·ed, cru·sad·ing.
  1. to go on or engage in a crusade.
Show More

Origin of crusade

1570–80; earlier crusada < Spanish cruzada; replacing croisade < Middle French. See cross, -ade1
Related formscru·sad·er, nounnon·cru·sad·ing, adjectivepost-Cru·sade, adjectivepre-Cru·sade, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words for crusades

expedition, demonstration, movement, march, drive, push, evangelism, cause, jihad

Examples from the Web for crusades

Contemporary Examples of crusades

Historical Examples of crusades


British Dictionary definitions for crusades

crusade

noun
  1. (often capital) any of the military expeditions undertaken in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries by the Christian powers of Europe to recapture the Holy Land from the Muslims
  2. (formerly) any holy war undertaken on behalf of a religious cause
  3. a vigorous and dedicated action or movement in favour of a cause
Show More
verb (intr)
  1. to campaign vigorously for something
  2. to go on a crusade
Show More
Derived Formscrusader, noun

Word Origin for crusade

C16: from earlier croisade, from Old French crois cross, from Latin crux; influenced also by Spanish cruzada, from cruzar to take up the cross
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for crusades

crusade

n.

1706, respelling of croisade (1570s), from Middle French croisade (16c.), Spanish cruzada, both from Medieval Latin cruciata, past participle of cruciare "to mark with a cross," from Latin crux (genitive crucis) "cross." Other Middle English forms were croiserie, creiserie. Figurative sense of "campaign against a public evil" is from 1786.

Show More

crusade

v.

1732, from crusade (n.). Related: Crusaded; crusading.

Show More
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

crusades in Culture

Crusades

A series of wars fought from the late eleventh through the thirteenth centuries, in which European kings and warriors set out to gain control of the lands in which Jesus lived, known as the Holy Land. At that time, these areas were held by Muslims. The Crusaders conquered Jerusalem (see also Jerusalem) in 1099 but failed to secure the Holy Land, and they were driven out by the late thirteenth century. Nevertheless, the Crusades had several lasting results, including the exposure of Europeans to the goods, technology, and customs of Asia.

Show More

Note

The Crusades left a legacy of bitterness against Europeans and Christians among Muslims.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.