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curia

[kyoo r-ee-uh]
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noun, plural cu·ri·ae [kyoo r-ee-ee] /ˈkyʊər iˌi/.
  1. one of the political subdivisions of each of the three tribes of ancient Rome.
  2. the building in which such a division or group met, as for worship or public deliberation.
  3. the senate house in ancient Rome.
  4. the senate of an ancient Italian town.
  5. (sometimes initial capital letter) Curia Romana.
  6. the papal court.
  7. the administrative aides of a bishop.
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Origin of curia

1590–1600; < Latin cūria, perhaps < *coviria, equivalent to co- co- + vir man + -ia -ia
Related formscu·ri·al, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for curial

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • An English translation of his "Curial" was printed by Caxton without date.

  • The village or district was made a curial, and became responsible in its aggregate character for the individual payments.

  • Peasant, land-owner, curial,—all sank into hopeless misery by the crushing of this gold-producing machinery.

  • His Curial (The Courtier) is a satire on the vices of the court by one who had acquaintance with its corruption.

  • This criticism applies, mutatis mutandis, to what may be called the Curial system of Dublin Castle.

    Handbook of Home Rule (1887)

    W. E. Gladstone et al.


British Dictionary definitions for curial

curia

noun plural -riae (-rɪˌiː)
  1. (sometimes capital) the papal court and government of the Roman Catholic Church
  2. (in ancient Rome)
    1. any of the ten subdivisions of the Latin, Sabine, or Etruscan tribes
    2. a meeting place of such a subdivision
    3. the senate house of Rome
    4. the senate of an Italian town under Roman administration
  3. (in the Middle Ages) a court held in the king's nameSee also Curia Regis
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Derived Formscurial, adjective

Word Origin

C16: from Latin, from Old Latin coviria (unattested), from co- + vir man
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for curial

curia

n.

c.1600, one of the ten divisions of each of the three ancient Roman tribes; also "the Senate-house of Rome," from Latin curia "court," perhaps from *co-wiria "community of men." Transferred to the Papal court (1840).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper