cytoplasm [ sahy-t uh-plaz- uhm ] SHOW IPA / ˈsaɪ təˌplæz əm / PHONETIC RESPELLING noun Cell Biology. the cell substance between the cell membrane and the nucleus, containing the cytosol, organelles, cytoskeleton, and various particles. QUIZZES QUIZ YOURSELF ON "WAS" VS. "WERE"!
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“Was” is used for the indicative past tense of “to be,” and “were” is only used for the subjunctive past tense.
Origin of cytoplasm
First recorded in 1870–75;
-plasm OTHER WORDS FROM cytoplasm cy·to·plas·mic, adjective cy·to·plas·mi·cal·ly, adverb
Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021
Example sentences from the Web for cytoplasm
Plant cells are armored with a stiff cell wall, so “my image of a plant cell was the
cytoplasm sitting in a cage, and nobody goes anywhere,” Maliga said.
If cells were sloshing bags of evenly mixed
cytoplasm, that would be difficult to achieve.
Condensates, sometimes referred to as membraneless organelles, can sequester specific proteins from the rest of the
cytoplasm, preventing unwanted biochemical reactions and greatly increasing the efficiency of useful ones.
The FUS protein is normally found in the nucleus, but in stressed cells, the protein leaves the nucleus and goes into the
cytoplasm, where it forms into droplets. British Dictionary definitions for cytoplasm noun the protoplasm of a cell contained within the cell membrane but excluding the nucleus: contains organelles, vesicles, and other inclusions Derived forms of cytoplasm cytoplasmic, adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Medical definitions for cytoplasm n. The protoplasm outside a cell nucleus. Other words from cytoplasm cy′to•plas ( ′mic -plăz) ′mĭk adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Scientific definitions for cytoplasm The jellylike material that makes up much of a cell inside the cell membrane, and, in eukaryotic cells, surrounds the nucleus. The organelles of eukaryotic cells, such as mitochondria, the endoplasmic reticulum, and (in green plants) chloroplasts, are contained in the cytoplasm. The cytoplasm and the nucleus make up the cell's protoplasm. See more at cell.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Cultural definitions for cytoplasm
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.