damping

[ dam-ping ]
/ ˈdæm pɪŋ /

noun Physics.

a decreasing of the amplitude of an electrical or mechanical wave.
an energy-absorbing mechanism or resistance circuit causing this decrease.
a reduction in the amplitude of an oscillation or vibration as a result of energy being dissipated as heat.

Definition for damping (2 of 2)

Origin of damp

1300–50; Middle English (in sense of def. 4); compare Middle Dutch damp, Middle High German dampf vapor, smoke

Related forms

Can be confused

damp moist (see synonym study at the current entry)damp dampen

Synonym study

1. Damp, humid, moist mean slightly wet. Damp usually implies slight and extraneous wetness, generally undesirable or unpleasant unless the result of intention: a damp cellar; to put a damp cloth on a patient's forehead. Humid is applied to unpleasant dampness in the air: The air is oppressively humid today. Moist denotes something that is slightly wet, naturally or properly: moist ground; moist leather.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for damping

British Dictionary definitions for damping (1 of 2)

damping

/ (ˈdæmpɪŋ) /

noun

moistening or wetting
stifling, as of spirits
electronics the introduction of resistance into a resonant circuit with the result that the sharpness of response at the peak of a frequency is reduced
engineering any method of dispersing energy in a vibrating system

British Dictionary definitions for damping (2 of 2)

damp

/ (dæmp) /

adjective

slightly wet, as from dew, steam, etc
archaic dejected

noun

verb (tr)

See also damp off

Derived Forms

dampish, adjectivedamply, adverbdampness, noun

Word Origin for damp

C14: from Middle Low German damp steam; related to Old High German demphen to cause to steam
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Science definitions for damping

damping

[ dămpĭng ]

The action of a substance or of an element in a mechanical or electrical device that gradually reduces the degree of oscillation, vibration, or signal intensity, or prevents it from increasing. For example, sound-proofing technology dampens the oscillations of sound waves. Built-in damping is a crucial design element in technology that involves the creation of oscillations and vibrations.

The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.