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distinguish

[dih-sting-gwish]
verb (used with object)
  1. to mark off as different (often followed by from or by): He was distinguished from the other boys by his height.
  2. to recognize as distinct or different; recognize the salient or individual features or characteristics of: It is hard to distinguish her from her twin sister.
  3. to perceive clearly by sight or other sense; discern; recognize: He could not distinguish many of the words.
  4. to set apart as different; be a distinctive characteristic of; characterize: It is his Italian accent that distinguishes him.
  5. to make prominent, conspicuous, or eminent: to distinguish oneself in battle.
  6. to divide into classes; classify: Let us distinguish the various types of metaphor.
  7. Archaic. to single out for or honor with special attention.
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verb (used without object)
  1. to indicate or show a difference (usually followed by between).
  2. to recognize or note differences; discriminate.
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Origin of distinguish

1555–65; extension, by -ish2, of Middle English disting(u)en (< Anglo-French, Middle French distinguer) < Latin distinguere; see distinct
Related formsdis·tin·guish·a·ble, adjectivedis·tin·guish·a·ble·ness, dis·tin·guish·a·bil·i·ty, noundis·tin·guish·a·bly, adverbdis·tin·guish·er, noundis·tin·guish·ment, nounin·ter·dis·tin·guish, verb (used with object)non·dis·tin·guish·a·ble, adjectivenon·dis·tin·guish·a·ble·ness, nounnon·dis·tin·guish·a·bly, adverbpre·dis·tin·guish, verb (used with object)re·dis·tin·guish, verbun·dis·tin·guish·a·ble, adjective

Synonym study

2. Distinguish, differentiate, discriminate suggest an attempt to analyze characteristic features or qualities of things. To distinguish is to recognize the characteristic features belonging to a thing: to distinguish a light cruiser from a heavy cruiser. To discriminate is to perceive the particular, nice, or exact differences between things, to determine wherein these differences consist, and to estimate their significance: to discriminate prejudiced from unprejudiced testimony. To differentiate is to point out exactly and in detail the differences between (usually) two things: The symptoms of both diseases are so similar that it is hard to differentiate one from another.

Antonyms

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for distinguishments

Historical Examples

  • The general is badly frightened, and calls upon me to proclaim his distinguishments and rank.

    Cabbages and Kings

    O. Henry

  • These distinguishments depend on difference in specific gravity, hardness, solubility in hot acids, and the action of high heat.


British Dictionary definitions for distinguishments

distinguish

verb (mainly tr)
  1. (when intr, foll by between or among) to make, show, or recognize a difference or differences (between or among); differentiate (between)
  2. to be a distinctive feature of; characterize
  3. to make out; perceive
  4. to mark for a special honour or title
  5. to make (oneself) noteworthyhe distinguished himself by his cowardice
  6. to classify; categorizewe distinguished three species
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Derived Formsdistinguishable, adjectivedistinguishably, adverbdistinguisher, noundistinguishing, adjectivedistinguishingly, adverb

Word Origin

C16: from Latin distinguere to separate, discriminate
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for distinguishments

distinguish

v.

1560s, from Middle French distinguiss-, stem of distinguer, or directly from Latin distinguere "to separate between, separate by pricking," from dis- "apart" (see dis-) + -stinguere "to prick" (see extinguish, and cf. Latin instinguere "to incite, impel").

The suffix -ish is due to the influence of many verbs in which it is the equivalent of Old French -iss-, ultimately from Latin inchoative suffix -iscere (this is also the case in extinguish, admonish, and astonish). Related: Distinguishing. The earlier form of the verb was distinguen (mid-14c.).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper