- a substitute who performs feats or actions too hazardous or difficult for a star.
- body double.
- a challenge by an opponent that the declarer cannot fulfill the designated contract, increasing the points to be won or lost.
- a hand that warrants such a challenge.
verb (used with object), dou·bled, dou·bling.
- to sail around (a projecting area of land): to double Cape Horn.
- to add a new layer of planking or ceiling to (an old wooden hull).
- to challenge (the bid of an opponent) by making a call that increases the value of tricks to be won or lost.
- to challenge the bid of (an opponent): He doubled me into game.
- to cause the advance of (a base runner) by a two-base hit: He doubled him to third.
- to cause (a run) to be scored by a two-base hit (often followed by in): He doubled in the winning run.
- to put out (a base runner) as the second out of a double play (often followed by up).
verb (used without object), dou·bled, dou·bling.
- (in blackjack) to double an initial bet, on the condition that one can be dealt only one more card: Will you double down and beat the dealer?
- to increase one’s efforts or hold to a position or opinion, especially when vulnerable or taking a risk: He has continued to defend his controversial interpretation of the document, doubling down on what he sees as the truth.
- to share quarters planned for only one person or family: Because of the room shortage, we had to double up.
- to bend over, as from pain: He doubled up in agony.
- without delay; rapidly: The fire engines came on the double.
- in double time, as marching troops.
Origin of double
adjective (usually prenominal)
- (of a root) being one of two equal roots of a polynomial equation
- (of an integral) having an integrand containing two independent variables requiring two integrations, in each of which one variable is kept constant
- (of an instrument) sounding an octave lower than the pitch indicated by the notationa double bass
- (of time) duple, usually accompanied by the direction alla breve
- the narrow outermost ring on a dartboard
- a hit on this ring
- at twice normal marching speed
- quickly or immediately
- to duplicate (a voice or instrumental part) either in unison or at the octave above or below it
- (intr usually foll by on)to be capable of performing (upon an instrument additional to one's normal one)the third trumpeter doubles on cornet
- to cause two pawns of the same colour to be on the same file
- to place both rooks of the same colour on the same rank or the same file
Word Origin for double
late 13c., "make double," from Old French dobler, from Latin duplare, from duplus (see double (adj.)). Meaning "to work as, in addition to one's regular job" is c.1920, circus slang, from performers who also played in the band. Related: Doubled; doubling. To double up bodily is from 1814.
A blow on the stomach "doubles up" the boxer, and occasions that gasping and crowing which sufficiently indicate the cause of the injury .... [Donald Walker, "Defensive Exercises," 1840]
mid-14c., "amount twice as great," also "duplicate copy," from double (adj.).
double in brass
Serve in two capacities, as in In this company everyone is asked to double in brass occasionally. This expression was originally used in the traveling circus, where, for example, a clown was also expected to play an instrument in the street parade. The original allusion, however, is to an instrumentalist who plays more than one instrument in an ensemble, a practice particularly common among players of brass instruments. [Late 1800s]
In addition to the idioms beginning with double
- double back
- double bill
- double cross
- double date
- double Dutch
- double duty
- double feature
- double in brass
- double life
- double standard
- double take, do a
- double talk
- double up
- lead a double life
- on the double
- see double