verb (used with object), edged, edg·ing.
- to turn (a piece to be rolled) onto its edge.
- to roll (a piece set on edge).
- to give (a piece) a desired width by passing between vertical rolls.
- to rough (a piece being forged) so that the bulk is properly distributed for final forging.
verb (used without object), edged, edg·ing.
- (of a person or a person's nerves) acutely sensitive; nervous; tense.
- impatient; eager: The contestants were on edge to learn the results.
Origin of edge
Synonyms for edge
- a line along which two faces or surfaces of a solid meet
- a line joining two vertices of a graph
- a cliff, ridge, or hillside
- (capital)(in place names)Hade Edge
- nervously irritable; tense
- nervously excited or eager
Word Origin for edge
late 13c., "to give an edge to" (implied in past participle egged), from edge (n.). Meaning "to move edgeways (with the edge toward the spectator), advance slowly" is from 1620s, originally nautical. Meaning "to defeat by a narrow margin" is from 1953. The meaning "urge on, incite" (16c.) often must be a mistake for egg (v.). Related: Edged; edging.
Old English ecg "corner, edge, point," also "sword" (cf. ecgplega, literally "edge play," ecghete, literally "edge hate," both used poetically for "battle"), from Proto-Germanic *agjo (cf. Old Frisian egg "edge;" Old Saxon eggia "point, edge;" Middle Dutch egghe, Dutch eg; Old Norse egg, see egg (v.); Old High German ecka, German Eck "corner"), from PIE root *ak- "sharp, pointed" (cf. Sanskrit asrih "edge," Latin acies, Greek akis "point;" see acrid).
Spelling development of Old English -cg to Middle English -gg to Modern English -dge represents a widespread shift in pronunciation. To get the edge on (someone) is U.S. colloquial, first recorded 1911. Edge city is from Joel Garreau's 1992 book of that name. Razor's edge as a perilous narrow path translates Greek epi xyrou akmes. To have (one's) teeth on edge is from late 14c., though "It is not quite clear what is the precise notion originally expressed in this phrase" [OED].
Surpass or defeat by a small margin, as in She edged out her opponent on the home stretch. [Late 1800s]
In addition to the idioms beginning with edge
- edge in
- edge out
- cutting edge
- get a word in edgewise
- have the edge on
- on edge
- on the edge
- over the edge
- set one's teeth on edge
- take the edge off
- thin edge of the wedge