effigy

[ ef-i-jee ]
/ ˈɛf ɪ dʒi /

noun, plural ef·fi·gies.

a representation or image, especially sculptured, as on a monument.
a crude representation of someone disliked, used for purposes of ridicule.

Nearby words

  1. efficient,
  2. efficient cause,
  3. efficiently,
  4. effie,
  5. effigial,
  6. effing,
  7. effingham,
  8. effleurage,
  9. effloresce,
  10. efflorescence

Idioms

    in effigy, in public view in the form of an effigy: a leader hanged in effigy by the mob.

Origin of effigy

1530–40; (< Middle French) < Latin effigia, equivalent to effig- (ef- ef- + fig- shape, form; see figure) + -ia -y3

Related formsef·fig·i·al [ih-fij-ee-uh l] /ɪˈfɪdʒ i əl/, adjective

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for effigy


British Dictionary definitions for effigy

effigy

/ (ˈɛfɪdʒɪ) /

noun plural -gies

a portrait of a person, esp as a monument or architectural decoration
a crude representation of someone, used as a focus for contempt or ridicule and often hung up or burnt in public (often in the phrases burn or hang in effigy)
Derived Formseffigial (ɪˈfɪdʒɪəl), adjective

Word Origin for effigy

C18: from Latin effigiēs, from effingere to form, portray, from fingere to shape

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for effigy

effigy

n.

1530s, "image of a person," from Middle French effigie (13c.), from Latin effigies "copy or imitation of something, likeness," from or related to effingere "mold, fashion, portray," from ex- "out" (see ex-) + fingere "to form, shape" (see fiction). The Latin word was regarded as plural and the -s was lopped off by 18c. Specifically associated with burning, hanging, etc., at least since 1670s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Idioms and Phrases with effigy

effigy

see in effigy.

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.